The term dizziness is often used interchangeably with giddiness. It essentially can be defined as a multitude of sensations ranging from the feeling of lightheadedness, woozy, unsteady or weak. Dizziness occurs when there is a lack of coordination among the body organs such as the brain, eyes, inner ears, nerves in the spine and feet as they are primarily responsible for keeping one balanced.
The symptoms of dizziness might be ignored given the fast-paced lifestyle. However, frequent and prolonged spells of dizziness may indicate severe underlying health complications. Dizziness and the ultimate lack of balance may cause adverse impacts and thus, it must not be ignored. However, before seeking treatment, it is essential to understand the root cause of dizziness.
Here, we have jotted down some of the key causes of dizziness.
Vertigo is a type of dizziness where an individual may feel a spinning sensation. It is often an indicator of issues with the inner ear or brain stem responsible for governing the body’s balance mechanism. Vertigo is a major cause of dizziness for which medical attention must be sought after.
Certain bacteria and viruses may cause inflammation in the ear leading to conditions such as vestibular neuritis or labyrinthitis, and meningitis, a middle ear infection. Such infections may lead to bouts of dizziness and they are mostly instantaneous. The individual may experience a ringing sensation in the ear followed by pain in ear, nausea, and fever at times. These symptoms may last for a prolonged period of time; say for a couple of weeks.
Individuals with Meniere’s disease have excessive fluid in their inner ears that eventually leads to the ringing sensation in one or both ears followed by intense pain and prolonged bouts of vertigo. While the exact cause of Meniere’s disease is yet to be found out, the recommended treatment options are low-salt diet and medication to keep the dizziness symptoms under check. Some of the other symptoms associated with Meniere’s disease are hearing loss, acute anxiety, and nausea.
Dizziness and low blood pressure are quite interrelated. A sudden dip in the blood pressure level might give rise to sensations of lightheadedness and imbalance. Other causes such as blood clots, clogged arteries, arrhythmia, heart stroke or failure that impact the normal course of blood circulation can also contribute to dizziness.
Dizziness can be attributed to the consumption of certain medications also, be it prescribed or over-the-counter. Antibiotics such as Gentamycin and Streptomycin, sedatives, antidepressants, anti-epileptic medications and especially medication to keep hypertension at bay may cause dizziness.
If the bout of dizziness has particular symptoms of hunger, shakiness, excessive sweating, and confusion, it can be attributed to a sudden drop in blood glucose level, otherwise known as hypoglycemia. Drinking an adequate volume of sugar-rich fluids can reduce the symptoms of dizziness in hypoglycemic individuals.
Apart from the above key causes, acute stress or anxiety, migraines, tumor in the brain or inner ear, and conditions such as peripheral neuropathy and multiple sclerosis may also cause dizziness.
A dietary change may relieve some of the subtle symptoms of dizziness.
- As dehydration is a common cause of dizziness, drinking an adequate amount of fluid is advised
- Ginger is believed to be very effective to avoid motion sickness, sensations of nausea, vomiting. If the dizziness is accompanied by nausea, ginger in any form can be handy.
- Supplements and food rich in vitamin C, D, and E can help control the symptoms of dizziness. Vitamin C is proven to be effective in treating vertigo symptoms while vitamin E can help maintain the elasticity of blood vessels.
Though there are medications, and therpeutic interventions to treat dizziness symptoms, considering a dietary and lifestyle change in a natural way is always recommended.
For further queries on dizziness, do reach out to the experts at Narayana Health!