Tonsillitis in children is a quite a common health problem. Very rarely happens in adults. They are most often caused by bacteria called streptococci, transmitted by the droplet, although viruses may also be responsible. Tonsillitis on the bacterial background is commonly known as angina. It is pertinent to add that not every redness and swelling in the esophagus means problems with the tonsils. A symptom of tonsilitis is always accompanied by a viral sore throat.
Symptoms of Tonsillitis
In the case of viral inflammation, a simple runny nose appears at first. But tonsillitis is primarily visible redness and swelling of the tonsils on the palatal arches, which usually appears only in the later stage of the disease.
In the case of angina, i.e., bacterial tonsillitis, a white deposit can be seen on their surface. In addition to this, the child complains of a severe sore throat and has trouble swallowing; there is also no appetite. There is also a fairly high fever, headache, and also an unpleasant smell or odor from the mouth.
They may hurt your ears or your ear and stomach. Problems with the tonsils most often appear in pre-school and school children.
Treatment of tonsillitis
When you see these symptoms, leave them in bed in a warm room. It is recommended to eat only liquid and soft foods. It is also advisable to give the Zithromax which effectively treats bacterial infection. It is best to use water and hot tea to drink. Fruit juices are inadvisable because they irritate the throat unpleasantly.
Not only that, it is a good idea to rinse your throat with a warm, but not hot, sage brew every two hours. Other special disinfectants for the throat and soothing irritation can also be used. You cannot allow your child to smoke cigarette smoke.
If, after two days of home treatment, the almond inflammation does not go through and the symptoms do not go down, you must see a doctor or visit the RXShopMD which provides the medication that you need. We also report to the doctor immediately when the symptoms presented by the child suggest streptococcal angina.
He should investigate the oil content from the tenons on the tonsils by performing the so-called swab (to check if the tonsils have been attacked by viruses or bacteria) and blood tests (just morphology and OB to find inflammation).
Depending on whether there are bacteria or viruses, treatment will be different. Bacteria are combated with antibiotics, while virus infection requires only symptomatic treatment. Also, analgesics and antipyretics are used to alleviate the symptoms of inflammation.
It is also possible surgical treatment, i.e., removal of the tonsils (tonsillectomy). Also, if the treatment doesn’t bring results, it recurs 4-5 times a year or the enlargement of the tonsils makes it difficult to breathe and causes nocturnal snoring or episodes of apnea in the child.
In the absence of treatment, or too little aggressive antibiotic therapy (necessary for the bacterial infection) there may be complications, such as kidney disease, heart disease, inflammation, and impaired hearing.
Treatment for tonsillitis relies on the cause. To ascertain the cause, your doctor may perform a quick strip test or throat swab culture. Both tests involve swabbing the back of the throat close to the tonsils using a cotton swab.
If tests show bacteria, treatment will require antibiotics to treat the infection. Antibiotics may be given as a single injection or swallowed ten days. Symptoms may improve within two or three days after starting the medicine; however, it’s essential to take all of the drugs your doctor prescribes to make sure the bacteria are entirely gone. Some individuals may need to take a second course of antibiotics to cure the infection.
If a virus causes tonsillitis, antibiotics won’t be useful, and your body will repel the infection on its own. There are certain things you can engage on to feel better, irrespective of the cause. These include:
- Get adequate relaxation
- Drink warm or very cold fluids to reduce throat pain
- Eat soft foods, like flavored gelatins, applesauce or ice cream
- Use a cool-mist humidifier or vaporizer in your room
- Gargle with warm salt water
- Suck on lozenges having benzocaine or other anesthetics
- Use over-the-counter pain killers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
When Tonsillectomy Is Needed
Tonsils are an essential part of the immune system all through one’s life; hence, it is best not to remove them. However, if tonsillitis is persistent or recurrent, or if enlarged tonsils cause upper airway impediment or eating difficulty, surgical removal of the tonsils(tonsillectomy), may be required. Most tonsillectomies involve the use of a conventional scalpel to extract the tonsils; however, there are many other ways to this traditional procedure. Doctors now use techniques like radio waves, lasers, electrocautery or ultrasonic energy to cut, evaporate or burn, expanded tonsils.
Just like all surgeries, each of these has benefits and cons. When considering the procedure, it’s necessary to converse your options with the surgeon to select the best one for your child.
What to Expect After Surgery
Tonsillectomy is a procedure performed under general anesthesia and usually lasting between 30 minutes and 45 minutes. It is most commonly performed in children.
Most kids go home about four hours after surgery and need a week to 10 days to recover fully. Almost all children will experience throat pain, ranging from subtle to severe, after surgery. Some may have pain in the jaws, ears, and neck. Your child’s doctor will prescribe medication to ease the pain.
It’s essential for your child to get enough rest during the recovery period. It’s also crucial to ensure your child gets plenty of fluids; however, you should abstain from giving your child milk products within the first 24 hours after surgery. Although throat pain may make your child reject foods, the sooner your child eats, the sooner he or she will recover.
For some days after the surgery, your child may experience a low-grade fever and specks of blood from the nose or saliva. If the temperature is higher than 102 degrees Fahrenheit or if you see bright red blood, call your child’s doctor right away. Prompt medical attention may be necessary.